2008年6月15日 星期日

Niki de Saint Phalle, L’art est vivant: un demi siecle de rencontres

Pierre Descargues

Wikipedia article "Niki de Saint Phalle".

作  者: Niki De Saint-PhalleCarla Schulz-HoffmannPierre Descargues
  • 出版时间: 2008-1-1


A beautiful and celebratory book on the works of Niki de Saint Phalle (1930-2002), this project is made distinctly personal by the artist’s own handwritten comments and whimsical sketches.
When Niki de Saint Phalle died, the world lost not only an artist of enormous passion, but also a remarkably creative woman whose work and life were inextricably linked. Throughout her forty-year career Saint Phalle explored female roles in society and myth, basing many of her disquieting and joyful depictions on personal experience.
The full range of Saint Phalle’s oeuvre is paid glorious tribute in this retrospective volume. Chronologically arranged, it takes readers from the visceral and controversial "shooting paintings" and her playfully voluptuous "nanas" to the impressive installations and wonderfully elaborate sculpture gardens such as the Tarot Garden in Tuscany, and the Sun God in San Diego and the Stravinsky Fountain in Paris. In addition to more than two hundred color and black and white photographs of Saint Phalle’s work, the artist’s own comments and sketches are interspersed throughout the book, providing an integral framework for understanding and appreciating her unusual talent.


Pierre Restany
Caria Schulz-Hoffmann
All—Devouring Mothers—On Niki de Saint Phalle’S Artistic Programme
Pontus Hulten
Pierre Descargues
The Nanas
Daniel Spoerri
“…renewing oneself from day tO day
Jean Tinguely
“…the greatest sculptor
Niki de Saint Phalle
Niki by Niki
Early Paintings
Shooting Paintings
Narrative Assemblages
All—Devouring Mothers
Small Sculptures
Late Works
Fantastic Gardens
The Fantastic Paradise
The Bird'S Dream
The Dragon
Stravinsky Fountain
Tarot Garden
The Sun God
Noah's Ark
List of Plates

Niki de Saint Phalle, Sculptor, Is Dead at 71

Published: May 23, 2002

Niki de Saint Phalle, a Franco-American artist internationally known for her colorful, monumental, cartoonlike sculptures and environments, died on Tuesday in San Diego, Calif. She was 71.

The cause was pulmonary failure after an illness of several months, said Harry Mathews, the writer and her first husband.

A heroine to feminism before the modern movement even emerged, Ms. de Saint Phalle first made her mark in Paris in the early 60's when she was associated with the Nouveaux Réalistes, a group of avant-gardists that included the sculptors Christo, Arman and Jean Tinguely. Their antic, absurdist works challenged conventional ideas about art-making in ways that echoed the earlier Dada movement.

Ms. de Saint Phalle became notorious for what she called ''target paintings,'' at which darts were thrown, and then for actual ''shooting paintings'' and sculptures. In galleries, she would use a .22-caliber rifle to shoot at plaster sculptures in which she had embedded bags of paint, causing color to splatter all over.

Ms. de Saint Phalle went on to produce a far different kind of art, an amalgam of Pop, Surrealism, Folk and outsider art that she prolifically realized in sculptures, paintings, prints and large public installations. Inspired in the mid-60's by a visit from the wife of Larry Rivers, Clarice Rivers, who was then pregnant, Ms. de Saint Phalle created the first of what would become an extensive population of ''Nanas.'' (Nana is a mildly rude French term for woman, comparable to broad.) They were bulbous, archetypal maternal figures like Mexican piñatas painted in bold colors and decorated with crisp, cartoon outlines.

In contrast with the aggressive Conceptualism of her early performance works, the art for which she became best known seemed to flow from an endlessly fertile, visionary imagination.

The Nanas gave birth to legions of fanciful humanoids, animals, plants and monsters and a trend away from the refinement of individual objects toward the creation of whole, fantastic worlds that would be most fully achieved in ambitious public works like Surrealistic amusement parks. Made of cement and produced on a gigantic scale, the Nanas became houses that visitors could enter, and surrounding grounds became teeming, part-organic, part-architectural mazes. At once avant-garde and populist, Ms. de Saint Phalle's art had the unusual ability to appeal to a wide range of viewers, from art-world professionals to children.

In the late 1970's, on acreage in southwestern Tuscany made available by wealthy friends, Ms. de Saint Phalle began her most ambitious project, a sprawling sculpture garden featuring 22 large sculptures based on the fortune-telling Tarot cards. With its wildly grotesque forms decorated by ceramic tiles, glass and mirrors, it calls to mind the architecture of Antonio Gaudí, whose work made a lasting impression on Ms. de Saint Phalle when she first encountered it in the 1950's. Financing it in part through the sale of a perfume called Niki de Saint Phalle, which she created for the Jacqueline Cochran company, Ms. de Saint Phalle worked on the Tarot Garden for 20 years. It opened to the public in 1998.

Catherine Marie-Agnès Fal de Saint Phalle was born into a wealthy family on Oct. 29, 1930, at Neuilly-sur-Seine, a Paris suburb, but was partly raised in New York, where her parents moved after the crash of 1929, and educated at the Brearley School, among several others. She told of being thrown out of Brearley for painting the fig leaves on the school artworks red.

At 18 she eloped with Mr. Mathews, and two years later the couple moved to France, where she began to paint after a nervous breakdown at age 23. She was mostly a self-taught artist. Her first solo exhibition took place in St. Gallen, Switzerland, in 1956, but she did not begin to show her work regularly until 1961.

Divorced from Mr. Mathews in 1960, she began a relationship with Jean Tinguely, the Swiss sculptor known for his kinetic, mechanical sculptures. They were married in 1971 and she collaborated with him on many projects. Although they lived separately after their marriage, their partnership lasted until his death in 1991. Ms. de Saint Phalle returned to the United States in 1994 to settle in La Jolla, in San Diego, partly because of her frail health.

In addition to producing public works in cities from Jerusalem to San Diego, Ms. de Saint Phalle had many museum exhibitions. The Nassau County Museum of Fine Arts in New York assembled her first American retrospective in 1987, and a larger retrospective was organized by the Kunst und Austellunghalle in Bonn in 1992. In 1994, an institution dedicated to her work, the Niki Museum, opened in Nasu, Japan. In 2000 she won a $140,000 Praemium Imperiale Award given by the Japan Art Association.

Ms. de Saint Phalle is survived by a brother, John de Saint Phalle, of Florida; a daughter, Laura Duke, of Paris; a son, Philip Mathews, of New York; three grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
《与大师相约五十年 L’art est vivant: un demi siecle de rencontres》


巴 黎是盛产艺术大师的地方皮埃尔·德卡尔格是法国著名的艺术评论家。他亲身走访巴黎的大小画室,与巴黎的艺术大师们正面对话。本书汇集了60来位活跃在20 世纪的法国艺术家或旅居巴黎的外国艺术家。作者选取每位艺术家的一个生活小片段,生动再现了这些共同谱写着20世纪西方艺术史的人。


第一章 从乔治.·布拉克到奥西普·扎德基纳

第二章 从塞萨尔·多梅拉到维克托·瓦萨勒利

第三章 从马克斯·恩斯特到胡安·米罗

第四章 从阿尔贝尔托·贾柯梅蒂到弗朗索瓦·斯塔利

第五章 从乔治·马蒂厄到皮埃尔·苏拉热

第六章 从罗歇·比西埃尔到皮埃尔·塔尔·科阿

第七章 从弗朗西斯·培根到佐朗·穆兹克

第八章 从波尔·比里到让·坦盖里

第九章 从让·迪比费到约翰·塔卡维拉

著者:[法] 皮埃尔·德卡尔格Pierre Descargues 版次:1版 开本:32开

编译者:林珍妮 译 陆典 校 装帧:平装 字数:250千字460页


出版日期:2007-12 ISBN:9787561756386

出版社:华东师范大学出版社 定价:¥ 38.00 元