2012年12月24日 星期一

Saul Steinberg

 E. H. Gombrich 有 "The Wit of  Saul Steinberg "等文 : 恰到好處
An Essay on Criticism /decorum
(kəm-plĭs'ĭ-tē) pronunciation
n., pl., -ties.
Involvement as an accomplice in a questionable act or a crime. 文化上的可共鳴或溝通也可稱之 譬如說 Saul Steinberg 說他的圖訴之有共同文化經驗的讀者

complicity in murder

Saul Steinberg (June 15, 1914 – May 12, 1999) was a Jewish Romanian-born American cartoonist and illustrator, best known for his work for The New Yorker, most notably View of the World from 9th Avenue.



Steinberg was born in Râmnicu Sărat, Romania. He studied philosophy for a year at the University of Bucharest, then later enrolled at the Politecnico di Milano, studying architecture and graduating in 1940. During his years in Milan he was actively involved in the satirical magazine Bertoldo.
Steinberg left Italy after the introduction of anti-Semitic laws by the Fascist government.[1] He spent a year in the Dominican Republic awaiting a U.S. visa; in the meantime, he submitted his cartoons to foreign publications. In 1942, The New Yorker magazine sponsored his entry into the United States, and thus began Steinberg's lifelong relationship with the publication. Through well over half a century working with The New Yorker, Steinberg created nearly 90 covers and more than 1,200 drawings.[2]
During World War II, he worked for military intelligence, stationed in China, North Africa, and Italy. After the war's end, he returned to work for American periodicals, merging an encyclopedic knowledge of European art with the popular American art form of the cartoon, to pioneer a uniquely urbane style of illustration.[3] Although best remembered for his commercial work, Steinberg did exhibit his work throughout his career at fine art museums and galleries. He married Romanian born abstract expressionist painter Hedda Sterne in 1944. In 1946, Steinberg, along with artists such as Arshile Gorky, Isamu Noguchi, and Robert Motherwell, was exhibited in the critically acclaimed "Fourteen Americans" show at The Museum of Modern Art.[2] He has also enjoyed a retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art (1978) and another posthumous one at the Institute for Modern Art in Valencia (IVAM), Spain (2002).[2]
After Steinberg's death in 1999, the Saul Steinberg Foundation was established in accordance with the artist's will. In addition to functioning as Steinberg's official estate, the Foundation is also a non-profit organization with a mission "to facilitate the study and appreciation of Saul Steinberg's contribution to 20th-century art" and to "serve as a resource for the international curatorial-scholarly community as well as the general public."[4] The Foundation has been instrumental in organizing the Saul Steinberg: Illuminations travelling exhibition, which will display original Steinberg works at various museum and galleries around the world, including Fondation Cartier-Bresson, Paris (May 6-July 27, 2008), Kunsthaus Zürich (August 22-November 2, 2008), Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, (November 26, 2008-February 15, 2009) and Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg, (March 13-June 1, 2009).[5] The U.S. copyright representative for the Saul Steinberg Foundation is the Artists Rights Society.[6] The Saul Steinberg Foundation is represented by The Pace Gallery in New York.

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索爾·斯坦伯格英語Saul Steinberg,1914年6月15日-1999年5月12日)是一個出生於羅馬尼亞美國漫畫家插畫家,他最出名的作品為《紐約客》之《從第九大道看世界》。


二戰期間,他曾為美國軍隊搜集軍事情報,他駐紮在中國北非義大利。戰爭結束後,他回到美國《紐約客》期刊工作,把歐洲藝術美國藝術合併為一種卡通藝術,開創了一種獨特風格的插圖。[3] 儘管人們印象最深的是他的商業作品,但是他也經常在美術博物館和畫廊展示他的作品和創作生涯。
1944年,斯坦伯格娶了羅馬尼亞抽象表現主義畫家海達赫達·斯特恩(Hedda Sterne)。
1946年,斯坦伯格、阿希爾·戈爾基野口勇、羅伯特等的作品在現代藝術博物館被展現並且廣受好評,被譽為「十四個美國人」。[2] 他還在惠特尼美術館西班牙瓦倫西亞現代藝術研究所展出過作品。[2]

ルーマニアルムニク・サラト Râmnicu Săratブザウ県)でユダヤ人の家庭に生まれ、ブカレスト大学で1年だけ哲学を学んだ後、イタリアミラノ工科大学に転じて建築を専攻、1940年に卒業した。ミラノでは諷刺雑誌『ベルトルド』に積極的に関与したが、1942年ファシスト政権下の反ユダヤ的なイタリアを逃れて渡米。

邦訳書 [編集]

  • 新しい世界 みすず書房 1970年