2017年11月1日 星期三

Honoré Daumier (French, 1808–1879) 'The Burden', the drawing under the name 'Chair in the Orchestra Stalls',

HONORE DAUMIER - MAN OF HIS TIME  約8分鐘
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p-Q1ONdc5uw

Honoré Daumier 5分鐘
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXb32NqB9sI



写実主義
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASgnDEBbH9s
約4分鐘20秒起
世界の名画。19世紀半ば頃にフランスで展開・発展した美術運動。それまでのロマン主義に対し、対象を抽象化、歪曲化、理想化せず客観的に描写することを理念とするが、その改革的な絵画展開は当時の保守層や伝統主義者らと対立した。また労働者など下層階級の人々の生活や日常を世界の現実と捉え、忠実に再現しているのも本主義の特徴である。本名称『写実主義』は、巨匠ギュスターヴ・クーベルが1855年に開催されたパリ万国博覧会の会場の隣で、「レアリスム館」を設置氏自身の個展を開催したことに由来する。


Honoré Daumier (French, 1808–1879) オノレ・ドーミエ
https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%AA%E3%83%8E%E3%83%AC%E3%83%BB%E3%83%89%E3%83%BC%E3%83%9F%E3%82%A8

{杜米埃:諷刺漫畫大師}DAUMIER,廖瓊芳著, 台北:藝術家,2000/ 河北教育出版社,2001




杜米埃從事版畫創作時,正值法國政局波濤洶湧之際,他發表一系列政治諷刺漫畫,旨在諷刺 、批評當時的君王政體,也為他招致牢獄之災。不能畫政治諷刺漫畫之後,杜米埃改畫插畫、幽默的風俗畫,少了政治的辛辣,多了對市井小民真摰的關懷,同樣極受歡迎。

雖然杜米埃是以諷刺漫畫成,他的雕塑和璯畫一般人都不熟悉,但對於杜米埃而言,他真正的夢想是繪畫。

  杜米埃一生創作頗豐,本書完整收錄了他各階段的版畫、精采的人物雕塑,以及油畫、素描作品,是一本欲了解杜米埃其人其藝不可不讀的好書。


目錄 · · · · · · 諷刺漫畫大師――杜米埃的生涯與藝術(廖瓊芳著) 貧苦上進的童年 成為版畫家及民主共和的鬥士 版畫史上最偉大的藝術家 喜愛系列創作 悲慘淒涼的晚年 驚人的雕塑天分 從不開口的議員的胸像雕塑 講個不停的議員的胸像雕塑 共和派擁護的議員的胸像雕塑 最有寓意的雕塑作品《逃亡者》 他真正的願望是成為畫家 無法如期完成大畫 寧靜、溫馨具神秘感的畫作 謎一般的特性 眾所公認的素描才華 給他應有的地位與榮耀 杜米埃的雕塑作品欣賞 杜米埃的版畫作品欣賞 杜米埃年譜

National Gallery of Art

Happy birthday to Honoré Daumier, born on this day in 1808. Daumier was self-taught as a painter, and his style has many characteristics of the graphic media in which he trained. Daumier is best known for political cartoons and humorous caricatures satirizing contemporary life. His paintings reveal a more serious examination of the human condition.


In "Wandering Saltimbanques," the artist depicts itinerant street musicians and acrobats without ridicule, revealing the poverty and isolation of their offstage lives. What emotions seem to be expressed in this work of art? http://1.usa.gov/1VHB6jQ


Honoré Daumier, "Wandering Saltimbanques," 1847/1850, oil on wood, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Chester Dale Collection, 1963.10.14




The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


F
Happy birthday to Honoré Daumier, born on this day in 1808. As a graphic artist and painter, Daumier chronicled the impact of industrialization on modern urban life in mid-nineteenth-century Paris.
eatured Artwork of the Day: Honoré Daumier (French, 1808–1879) | The Third-Class Carriage | ca. 1862–64 http://bit.ly/1Oo56P6



Musée d'Orsay (officiel)

10th February 1879: death of Honoré Daumier, printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor...


Illustration :

Don Quixote and the dead mule, détail (1867)

Musée d'Orsay. Donation de la baronne Eva Gebhard-Gourgaud, 1965
© RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d'Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski
http://bit.ly/20KT6R7


IMAGE: Honoré Daumier (French, 1808–1879) | The Laundress | ca. 1863




Happy birthday to Honoré Daumier, born on this day in 1808. The escape that alcohol offered to the poor is typical of the social themes Daumier explored throughout his career.


Featured Artwork of the Day: Honoré Daumier (French, 1808–1879) | The Drinkers | by 1861 http://met.org/1E11KeP




維基百科,自由的百科全書

Honore Daumier-Nadar.jpg
奧諾雷·杜米埃(Honoré Daumier)(1808年2月26日-1879年2月10日)是法國著名畫家、諷刺漫畫家雕塑家版畫家。是當時最多產的藝術家。

生平[編輯]

杜米埃出生於馬賽的一個玻璃裝飾工人家庭,小時即有藝術天才,7歲時隨父親到巴黎,父親送他去隨一位書商學習石版畫技巧,他開始從事樂譜的印刷並為廣告作畫。13歲時父親精神失常,他只好自己打工謀生,曾為法庭當信差,到書店當過店員等,了解下層人民的生活。1825年起專門從事繪畫,起初只是創作石版畫、漫畫和雕刻,並創作諷刺畫,1832年因為諷刺國王路易-菲利普的漫畫《高康大》而入獄6個月,1833年出獄,仍然以作品繼續攻擊君主政體和當時的社會制度,並描繪各種底層人物。1834年里昂工人起義失敗,他發表《立法肚子》、《出版自由》、《唐斯諾南街的屠殺》等大型石版畫,對統治者表示抗議。1848年開始研究新技法,趨向印象派藝術,其作品獲得著名印象派畫家馬奈莫奈的讚賞,巴爾札克稱讚他的作品「有米開朗基羅的神髓」。1871年他參加了巴黎公社的起義。1877年,畫商杜蘭-魯爾為他的作品在巴黎舉辦畫展,但這時他已經雙目幾乎失明了,居住在索姆省小鎮瓦爾蒙杜瓦(Valmondois),由畫家柯羅負責他的事物和生活,翌年在家中逝世。

傑弗魯瓦-德肖姆創作的杜米埃雕像

作品[編輯]

他的早期作品幾乎都發表在《諷刺》雜誌上,攻擊政府腐敗和法律的不健全,他入獄後諷刺雜誌停刊,他又重新在《喧鬧》雜誌上繼續發表他的諷刺作品。曾經創作七月王朝政治人物的小型泥塑胸像,在雕塑史上也占有重要地位。
除了諷刺畫以外,他的石版畫作品在1904年統計有3,958幅,他出油畫作品從不附和市場的口味,只是根據自己的意願來作畫,筆觸大膽有力,具有高度的獨創性,描繪三等車廂、洗衣婦疲倦地爬上樓梯,小酒店的酒徒等下層人民的平凡生活,也畫一些歷史畫,描繪法國的革命和諷刺君主的獨裁統治。他的風格成為自然主義畫派的先驅。他曾創作了許多系列作品,如知識堂吉訶德就有29幅油畫49幅素描。1900年,法蘭西美術學院為他的作品舉辦了畫展。現在世界各地的重要博物館都保存他的作品,包括羅浮宮大都會博物館等。
油畫創作多以普通勞動者和賣藝人的生活以及他喜愛的文學作品為題材,運用強烈的明暗對比,遒勁的線條,來突出人物形象,粗獷潑辣,富有獨創性。
法國詩人夏爾·波德萊爾曾評價說他是:「一位最重要的人物,不僅是他的諷刺畫,而包括他的現代風格的作品」。

他諷刺國王路易·菲利普的漫畫《高康大》,並因此而入獄


Wikipedia article "Honoré Daumier".




Honoré Daumier (February 26, 1808February 10, 1879), was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, sculptor, and one of the most gifted and prolific draftsmen of his time.

Early life

Born in Marseille, Daumier showed in his youth an irresistible inclination towards the artistic profession, which his father vainly tried to check by placing him first with a huissier, and later, with a bookseller. Having mastered the techniques of lithography, Daumier began his artistic career by producing plates for music publishers, and illustrations for advertisements. This was followed by anonymous work for publishers, in which he emulated the style of Charlet and displayed considerable enthusiasm for the Napoleonic legend.

Published works

When, during the reign of Louis Philippe, Charles Philipon launched the comic journal, La Caricature, Daumier joined its staff, which included such powerful artists as Devéria, Raffet and Grandville, and started upon his pictorial campaign of satire, targeting the foibles of the bourgeoisie, the corruption of the law and the incompetence of a blundering government. His caricature of the king as Gargantua led to Daumier's imprisonment for six months at Ste Pelagic in 1832. Soon after, the publication of La Caricature was discontinued, but Philipon provided a new field for Daumier's activity when he founded the Le Charivari.
Daumier produced his social caricatures for Le Charivari, in which he held bourgeois society up to ridicule in the figure of Robert Macaire, hero of a popular melodrama. In another series, L'histoire ancienne, he took aim at the constraining pseudo-classicism of the art of the period. In 1848 Daumier embarked again on his political campaign, still in the service of Le Charivari, which he left in 1860 and rejoined in 1864.

Paintings

In addition to his prodigious activity in the field of caricature — the list of Daumier's lithographed plates compiled in 1904 numbers no fewer than 3,958 — he also painted. Except for the searching truthfulness of his vision and the powerful directness of his brushwork, it would be difficult to recognize the creator of Robert Macaire, of Les Bas bleus, Les Bohémiens de Paris, and the Masques, in the paintings of Christ and His Apostles (Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam), or in his Good Samaritan, Don Quixote and Sancho Panza, Christ Mocked, or even in the sketches in the Ionides Collection at South Kensington. As the paintings were never intended for public consumption, Daumier felt free to work in a vein that was personal rather than political. In their more munificent spirit the paintings are close to those of his friends Corot and Millet, though altogether more vigorous in handling.
The Imaginary Malady
Enlarge
The Imaginary Malady
As a painter, Daumier, one of the pioneers of naturalism, did not meet with success until a year before his death in 1878, when M. Durand-Ruel collected his works for exhibition at his galleries and demonstrated the range of the talent of the man who has been called the "Michelangelo of caricature". At the time of the exhibition, Daumier was blind and living in a cottage at Valmondois, which Corot placed at his disposal. It was there that he died.
An exhibition of his works was held at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1900.
Today, Daumier's works are found in many of the world's leading art museums, including the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Rijksmuseum. He is celebrated for a range of works, including a large number of paintings (29) and drawings (49) depicting the life of Don Quijote, a theme that fascinated him for the last part of his life.
Baudelaire noted of him: l'un des hommes les plus importants, je ne dirai pas seulement de la caricature, mais encore de l'art moderne. (One of the most important men, I will not say only of caricature, but further of modern art.)

Gallery

Click on an image to view it enlarged.


На четвёртом этаже Главного штаба открылась постоянная сменная экспозиция, посвящённая творчеству французского художника Оноре Домье. На ней представлены картина "Ноша", рисунок "Кресло в партере", а также 15 эстампов мастера.
The new permanent rotating exhibition of French artist Honoré Daumier opened on the third floor of the General Staff Building. On display is the painting entitled 'The Burden', the drawing under the name 'Chair in the Orchestra Stalls', and 15 prints.



https://scontent.ftpe1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/23131803_1732888996744823_107061636683150751_n.jpg?oh=e75a0ab749c6bdf1371b3e88b20065b3&oe=5A6FD48E

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