www.gsa.ac.uk/Welcome to the Glasgow School of Art (GSA)'s website. The GSA is one of Europe's leading higher education institutions for the visual creative disciplines.
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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_MackintoshCharles Rennie Mackintosh (7 June 1868 – 10 December 1928) was a Scottish architect, designer, water colourist and artist. He was a designer in the post ...
23 May 2014 Last updated at 17:50
Glasgow School of Art: Fire crews battle to save building
Chief Fire Officer Alasdair Hay: "We took a roll call and we are as confident as we can be that nobody has been injured in this fire"
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Report: Glasgow School of Art fire
In pictures: Glasgow School of Art fire
History of a Mackintosh masterpiece
Firefighters are continuing to fight a major blaze at the A-listed Glasgow School of Art - one of Scotland's most iconic buildings.
Eyewitnesses said the fire appeared to have started when a projector exploded in the basement of the Charles Rennie Mackintosh building just before 12:30.
Fire Officer Alasdair Hay said the main blaze was out but there were still pockets of fire within the building.
Everyone in the building was said to have escaped safely.
The Mackintosh building, completed in 1909, is "unique" in that it is a working art school as well as a work of art.
From the facade to the fixtures and fittings every detail shows the craft of Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scotland's most-lauded designer.
The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service (SFRS) said fire crews had managed to salvage some of the objects contained in the building and structural engineers were assessing the safety and stability of the building.
Students watched on in horror as the iconic building went up in flames
Fire crews were on the scene within four minutes of the alarm being raised.
Search and rescue teams entered the building wearing breathing apparatus and led a number of people to safety. There were no reports of any casualties.
Final year students were said to have been preparing for their end-of-year degree show in the building when the blaze broke out. The deadline for submissions to the degree was 17:00.
SFRS Chief Officer Alasdair Hay said there had been "significant spread" of flames within the building but would not comment on speculation it did not have a sprinkler system installed.
Eyewitness Yusuf Masood took this video during the evacuation of the building at about 12:30.
He added that it was still too early to say how extensively the art school had been damaged, or what the cause of the blaze had been.
But he said officers were "well aware of the iconic status of the building".
Police have cordoned off Renfrew Street, and smoke was also drifting across the M8. Large crowds of students and onlookers gathered near the scene, with several people in tears as they watched the events unfold.
Fire appliances from across Glasgow were joined by specialist crews from other areas of Scotland, with firefighters seen pouring water on the building from a high ladder as flames blew windows out.
The crews are expected to be on site until well into the night as efforts to put out the last of the flames continued.
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Everyone's work on that side of the building is ruined. Even if it didn't catch fire it will be damaged extensively” Hugh Thornhill Student
Hugh Thornhill, a second year student, said: "I was helping one of the fourth years set up their exhibit and suddenly the alarm went off.
"We didn't think it was anything but we had to go out and then we saw smoke coming out and realised that it was really bad. It got to the point where flames were coming out of the top floor.
"All that effort is gone, everyone's work on that side of the building is ruined. Even if it didn't catch fire it will be damaged extensively.
"The degree show next month is pretty much a bust now, it's sad."
Broadcaster Muriel Gray, a former student and current chairwoman of the school, arrived and burst into tears when she saw the building in flames.
Ms Gray told BBC Scotland she was "heartbroken" to see the "most amazing building in Glasgow" go up in flames.
Speaking later, she added: "It has been a devastating day for everybody involved in Glasgow School of Art. We want to make it clear we are so grateful to the fire service. It's a very black day."
Asked how the building could be restored, Ms Gray said: "We don't know what's been destroyed. It's a waiting game."
Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond said on Twitter: "Thoughts with staff & students at @GSofA - awful to see destruction of this iconic building and students work."
Austin Yuill, who works as a chef at the art school, told the BBC: "I've been moved two streets away from the Mackintosh building but before we left the place was completely ablaze all down the west side of the building.
"I'm told it started in the basement and it's worked its way all the way up through the five floors.
Archive: In April 2013 the BBC got a close-up look at the school's Rennie Mackintosh clocks, which took a year to restore to their former glory
"As far as I know it started from a spark which has gone on to foam, expanding foam."
Asked how busy the art school was, he said: "It would be very busy because we're working up to the end-of-year assessments, so all the students were installing their work today all over the Mackintosh building. There are a lot of very upset students here."
He added: "Quite apart from it being voted the best building of the last 175 years, it is a major tourist draw and has an incredible reputation as an art school. This is really terrible."
Mackintosh was a 28-year-old junior draughtsman when he drew up plans for the building
Charles Rennie Mackintosh is lauded as Scotland's most influential architect and designer, with the art school building which bears his name considered by many to be his greatest masterpiece.
Mackintosh was a 28-year-old junior draughtsman at a Glasgow architecture firm when he drew up the designs for the building, which features distinctive heavy sandstone walls and large windows.
The dramatic art nouveau design took about 12 years to be completed, opening in 1909, but it signalled the birth of a new style in 20th Century European architecture.
The president of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, Iain Connelly, said the value of the building "goes well beyond Glasgow or even Scotland".
He added: "It is a work of architectural heritage of world renown and its influence on 20th century architecture is immeasurable. Scotland has seen the loss of an international treasure which reflects the genius of one of our greatest ever architects."
The library found inside the Charles Rennie Mackintosh was viewed as being one of the finest examples of art nouveau in the world
In recent years, Glasgow School of Art has produced many of the UK's leading contemporary artists such as Douglas Gordon and David Shrigley and three recent Turner Prize winners: Simon Starling in 2005, Richard Wright in 2009 and Martin Boyce in 2011.
Other former students include actors Robbie Coltrane and Peter Capaldi and artist Peter Howson.
Glasgow School of Art: Clean-up operation continues
Staff at the Glasgow School of Art (GSA) have started to remove artwork and other items from the fire-damaged Mackintosh building.The GSA said the "first priority" was to retrieve archives or collections which needed immediate conservation.
It is hoped that it will later be possible to retrieve students' work from the building.
Firefighters managed to save about 70% of the building's contents from Friday's fire.
Final year students had been preparing for their end of year degree show in the building when the blaze broke out.
Many of the student's final-year work had been stored in the building's studios.
Academic staff confirmed that some students will have lost all of their work and said they wanted to ensure they were supported.
Staff will also be looking for new studio space for the fine art students, and will need to re-house other departments based in the Mackintosh building.
The whole campus is to remain closed until 10:00 on Friday to allow the fire-damaged building to be cleared and precious work stored in other buildings.
Marathon efforts Glasgow School of Art professor Tom Inns said that the main damage was to the west wing of the building, built between 1907-09 - which included the Mackintosh library.
The 1897-99 part of the site, including the Mackintosh Museum and Mackintosh Room, has "survived intact", he added.
He said: "The first priority is to retrieve any of our archive and collections in need of immediate conservation, followed by the student work which will where necessary be given over to experts for conservation work to be undertaken. Other items will then be systematically retrieved."
Prof Inns also praised the work of the the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service (SFRC) anthanked people who had sent messages of support and offers of assistance.
"The SFRC did not simply go the extra mile, but a marathon in their efforts to ensure that the as much of the Mackintosh Building and student work as possible was protected," he said.
"We have been overwhelmed by the number of messages of support from the local community in Glasgow and friends across the world, and the generosity of individuals and organisations in offering expert assistance to help us in these difficult times".
Scottish Fire and Rescue's chief officer Alasdair Hay said that fire crews had done their best to save as much of the building's contents as possible.
He said: "Those involved in this incident were predominantly drawn from greater Glasgow and they were certainly very aware of the importance of the Mackintosh to the city.
"We have all been conscious of the fact this is also a building that houses the hard work of Glasgow School of Art students, especially at this time of year."
He added: "By working very closely with staff from the art school, we were able to identify items and target our efforts to recover items of great importance and save everything that could possibly be saved."
At its height there was 200 firefighters at the scene, with some of the crews being drafted in from other areas of Scotland.
The work of the crews was praised by Assistant Chief Officer Dave Goodhew, who was incident commander for about eight hours.
He described the operation to extinguish the fire as being "particularly difficult".
He said: "This is a beautiful building with a great heritage, truly loved by the people of Scotland.
"The fire started in the basement and soon spread to the roof. It is a very old building so we knew it would be a particularly difficult fire to fight and extinguish."
'Truly heartbreaking' The fire service is working with Police Scotland to identify the cause of the fire.
Some students have suggested it could have started in the basement when a spark from a projector caught a piece of foam.
Over the weekend a number of bodies pledged to help assist in the restoration of the building.
Scotland's Culture Secretary Fiona Hyslop, said the fire was "truly heartbreaking" and confirmed the Scottish government would "support the funding effort required".
The UK government also said it would make a significant contribution towards the costs of restoring the building.
A fund has also been set-up to allow the public to contribute to the clean-up and restoration of the building.
The Charles Rennie Mackintosh building is recognised as being one of the greatest examples of art nouveau in the world.
Originally opening in 1909 after an near twelve year construction the building's dramatic heavy sandstone walls and large glass windows are considered to be key architectural calling cards of a new style in 20th Century European buildings.