2014年6月6日 星期五

Carlo Scarpa

我約20年前買了幾本 Carlo Scarpa 的專題作品,當然大部分是日文的。
石的感覺很義大利式......


経歴

ヴェネツィアに生まれ、職人の親方の下で長期間見習いをしていた間に、建築に対する理解を深め技術を磨いた。17歳から建築家ヴィンチェンツォ・リナルドの事務所で設計活動を始める。彼の建築は素材への感性豊かな想像力に基づいており、季節や歴史といった時の移ろいを繊細に表現する。安藤忠雄マリオ・ボッタといった建築家にまで、幅広く賞賛されている。
1978年仙台に滞在中に階段から足を踏み外して死亡。脳腫瘍が末期状態だったため、自殺ではないかといわれている。そのキャリアの多くを展覧会の会場構成や既存の建物の改修が占める。



Castelvecchio, stairs by Carlo Scarpa
Castelvecchio, by Carlo Scarpa
Carlo Scarpa (June 2, 1906 – November 28, 1978), was an Italian architect, influenced by the materials, landscape, and the history of Venetian culture, and Japan.[1] Scarpa was also a glass and furniture designer of note.

Biography

Scarpa was born in Venice. Much of his early childhood was spent in Vicenza, where his family relocated when he was 2 years old. After his mother's death when he was 13, he, his father and brother moved back to Venice. Carlo attended the Academy of Fine Arts where he focused on architectural studies. Graduated from the Accademia in Venice, with the title of Professor of Architecture, he apprenticed with the architect Francesco Rinaldo. Scarpa married Rinaldo's niece, Nini Lazzari (Onorina Lazzari).
However, Scarpa refused to sit the pro forma professional exam administrated by the Italian Government after World War II. As a consequence, he was not permitted to practice architecture without associating with an architect. Hence, those who worked with him, his clients, associates, craftspersons, called him "Professor", rather than "architect".
His architecture is deeply sensitive to the changes of time, from seasons to history, rooted in a sensuous material imagination. He was Mario Botta's thesis adviser along with Giuseppe Mazzariol; the latter was the Director of the Fondazione Querini Stampalia when Scarpa completed his renovation and garden for that institution. Scarpa taught drawing and Interior Decoration at the "Istituto universitario di architettura di Venezia" from the late 1940s until his death. While most of his built work is located in the Veneto, he made designs of landscapes, gardens, and buildings, for other regions of Italy as well as Canada, the United States, Saudi Arabia, France and Switzerland. His name has 11 letters and this is used repeatedly in his architecture.[2]
One of his last projects, left incomplete at the time of his death, was recently altered (October 2006) by his son Tobia: the Villa Palazzetto in Monselice. This work is one of Scarpa's most ambitious landscape and garden projects, the Brion Sanctuary notwithstanding. It was executed for Aldo Businaro, the representative for Cassina who is responsible for Scarpa's first trip to Japan. Aldo Businaro died in August 2006, a few months before the completion of the new stair at the Villa Palazzetto, built to commemorate Scarpa's centenary.
In 1978, while in Sendai, Japan, Scarpa died after falling down a flight of concrete stairs. He survived for ten days in a hospital before succumbing to the injuries of his fall. He is buried standing up and wrapped in linen sheets in the style of a medieval knight, in an isolated exterior corner of his L-shaped Brion Cemetery at San Vito d'Altivole in the Veneto.
In 1984, the Italian composer Luigi Nono dedicated to him the composition for orchestra in micro-intervals A Carlo Scarpa, Architetto, Ai suoi infiniti possibili.

Notable works

References

  1. http://visit.lincoln.ac.uk/C18/C9/CDL/default.aspx Carlo Scarpa and Japan The influence of Japanese art and architecture in the work of Carlo Scarpa
  2. http://www.springerlink.com/content/342q350164x13652/fulltext.pdf Architectural Traces of an Admirable Cipher: Eleven in the Opus of Carlo Scarpa

Bibliography

  • Francesco Dal Co; Giuseppe Mazzariol (2002). Carlo Scarpa : The Complete Works. Rizzoli, (Paperback)
  • M. A. Crippa (1986). Carlo Scarpa, Theory, Design, Projects. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Nicholas Olsberg (1999). Carlo Scarpa Architect: Intervening With History. The Monacelli Press, New York. ISBN 1-58093-035-2
  • Sergio Los (1967). Carlo Scarpa Architetto Poeta. CLUVA, Venezia.
  • (Italian) Sergio Los (1995). Carlo Scarpa, guida all’architettura. Arsenale Editrice, Venezia. ISBN 88-7743-144-X
  • Sergio Los (2009). SCARPA. Taschen, Koln. ISBN 978-3-8365-0758-5
  • (Italian) Franca Semi (2010). A lezione con Carlo Scarpa. Cicero editore, Venezia. ISBN 978-88-89632-26-0
  • (Italian) Carla Sonego (1995). Carlo Scarpa. Gli anni della formazione. Venice: IUAV, (unpublished thesis, Professor Marco De Michelis, Supervisor).

External links

曾成德新增了 2 張相片。
20140606_On the Road
elements of architecture 哈佛 GSD 學生研究團隊於 Carlo Scarpa 的花園接受採訪錄影。

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