2017年1月1日 星期日

Spotlight: I.M. Pei




游常山
華裔建築大師 貝聿銘 九十八歲了
剛剛看到新聞, 在紐約家中,被28歲看護 虐待,看護被控傷害罪
這是最新的紐約時報官網的消息
真想不到,看過
1東海大學路思義教堂
2香港中國銀行大樓(如匕首形狀)
3蘇州的蘇州博物館
這樣的大師,近百歲也被虐待

A home health aide to I. M. Pei, the renowned 98-year-old architect, has been charged with assaulting him inside his home in New York, the authorities said.
Mr. Pei told the police that the aide, Eter Nikolaishvili, 28, grabbed his right forearm and forcefully twisted it on Dec. 13. The authorities said Mr. Pei’s arm was bruised and bleeding after the attack.
The police investigated for two weeks before arresting Ms. Nikolaishvili on Tuesday. She was arraigned in Manhattan Criminal Court on a charge of felony assault and was released without bail.
The aide’s lawyer did not immediately return a phone call seeking comment.
Mr. Pei’s designs include the John F. Kennedy Library and Museum in Boston and the glass and steel pyramid at the Louvre in Paris.
In 1983, Mr. Pei was awarded the Pritzker Prize, known as the Nobel Prize of architecture.



Courtesy of http://blog.newx.com/





Chinese-American architect Ieoh Ming Pei (born April 26, 1917), is arguably the greatest living member of the modernist generation of architects. When he received his Pritzker Prize in 1983, the jury citation stated that he “has given this century some of its most beautiful interior spaces and exterior forms.”







Le Grand Louvre © Greg Kristo. ImageLe Grande Louvre




Born in Suzhou, China, I.M. Pei grew up in Hong Kong and Shanghai before deciding to move to the United States to study architecture. Though he was uninspired by the Beaux-Arts traditions at both the University Pennsylvania and MIT, a professor convinced him to persevere. He received his Bachelor’s degree in 1940, when the second Sino-Japanese War forced him to abandon his plans to return to his home country – in the end a fortuitous event for the young architect, as it allowed him to discover the Graduate School of Design at Harvard, where Pei worked with Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer.

Bank of China Tower. Image © Stephen Chipp – http://www.flickr.com/photos/stephenchipp/




Pei founded his own practice in 1955, then known as I. M. Pei & Associates but later changing its name to Pei & Partners in 1966 and finally to Pei Cobb Freed & Partners in 1989. During these years, the firm’s most well known work is likely his crystalline extension to the Louvre in Paris; other highly influential works include the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong, the East Building of the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC and the JFK Presidential Library in Boston. In 1990, Pei retired from full-time practice, progressively reducing his workload over the following decades. However, he still takes on some work as an architectural consultant, often for Pei Partnership Architects, the firm founded by his sons Chien Chung Pei and Li Chung Pei.

JFK Presidential Library. Image © Daniel Cooper




Though known as a modernist, Pei has rejected the implications of globalism inherent in the “International Style,” instead advocating contextual development and variation in style. He has commented that “the important distinction is between a stylistic approach to the design; and an analytical approach giving the process of due consideration to time, place, and purpose.” On a trip to China in 1974 he even urged Chinese architects to look more to their architectural tradition, rather than designing in a Western style.

East Building, National Gallery of Art. Image © Flickr: username- Andy961




Check out some of Pei’s greatest works featured on ArchDaily via the thumbnails below:





Cite:Stott, Rory. "Spotlight: I.M. Pei" 26 Apr 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 26 Apr 2015.







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