Of the apparent simplicity and flowing ease of the classic writers, how justly does Horace remark;
ut sibi quivis
Speret idem, sudet multúm,
frustraque laboret ausus idem:
tantum series iuncturaque pollet, tantum de medio
www.pyrrha.rtwilson.com/utpicturaHoraceVirgilCatullus.pptxsperet idem, sudet multum frustraque laboret. ausus idem : I will aim for poetry moulded from the familiar so that if anyone. wants the same for himself, he may ...
Winckelmann's masterpiece, the Geschichte der Kunst des Alterthums ("The History of Art in Antiquity"), published in 1764, was soon recognized as a permanent contribution to European literature. In this work, "Winckelmann's most significant and lasting achievement was to produce a thorough, comprehensive and lucid chronological account of all antique art— including that of the Egyptians and Etruscans." This was the first work to define in the art of a civilization an organic growth, maturity, and decline. Here, it included the revelatory tale told by a civilization's art and artifacts—these, if we look closely, tell us their own story of cultural factors, such as climate, freedom, and craft. Winckelmann sets forth both the history of Greek art and of Greece. He presents a glowing picture of the political, social, and intellectual conditions which he believed tended to foster creative activity in ancient Greece.
The fundamental idea of Winckelmann's artistic theories are that the end of art is beauty, and that this end can be attained only when individual and characteristic features are strictly subordinated to an artist's general scheme. The true artist, selecting from nature the phenomena suited to his purpose and combining them through the exercise of his imagination, creates an ideal type in which normal proportions are maintained, and particular parts, such as muscles and veins, are not permitted to break the harmony of the general outlines.
Geschichte der Kunst des Alterthums ("The History of Art in Antiquity",