2017年7月28日 星期五

Alexander Liberman (1912-99);The Artist in His Studio,



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The Artist in His Studio, foreword by James Thrall Soby, Viking Press (New York), 1960, revised edition, Random House (New York), 1988



Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman (September 4, 1912 – November 19, 1999) was a Russian-American magazine editor, publisher, painter, photographer, and sculptor. He held senior artistic positions during his 32 years at Condé Nast Publications.

Life and career[edit]

When his father took a post advising the Soviet government, the family moved to Moscow. Life there became difficult, and his father secured permission from Lenin and the Politburoto take his son to London in 1921.
Young Liberman was educated in Russia, England, and France, where he took up life as a "White Émigré" in Paris.
He began his publishing career in Paris in 1933–36 with the early pictorial magazine Vu, where he worked under Lucien Vogel as art director, then managing editor, working with photographers such as BrassaïAndré Kertész, and Robert Capa.[6]
After emigrating to New York in 1941, he began working for Condé Nast Publications, rising to the position of editorial director, which he held from 1962-1994.
Only in the 1950s did Liberman take up painting and, later, metal sculpture. His highly recognizable sculptures are assembled from industrial objects (segments of steel I-beams, pipes, drums, and such), often painted in uniform bright colors. In a 1986 interview concerning his formative years as a sculptor and his aesthetic, Liberman said, "I think many works of art are screams, and I identify with screams."[7] Prominent examples of his work are in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of ArtStorm King Art CenterHirshhorn Museum and Sculpture GardenPyramid Hill Sculpture ParkTate Gallery, and the Guggenheim Museum. His massive work "The Way", a 65 feet (20 m) x 102 feet (31 m) x 100 feet (30 m) structure,[8] is made of eighteen salvaged steel oil tanks, and became a signature piece of Laumeier Sculpture Park,[9] and a major landmark of St. Louis, Missouri.[10][11]
He was married briefly to Hildegarde Sturm (August 25, 1936), a model and competitive skier. His second wife (since 1942), Tatiana Yacovleff du Plessix Liberman (1906–1991), had been a childhood playmate and baby sitter. In 1941, they escaped together from occupied France, via Lisbon, to New York. She had operated a hat salon in Paris, then designed hats for Henri Bendel in Manhattan. She continued in millinery at Saks Fifth Avenue where she was billed as "Tatania du Plessix" or "Tatania of Saks", until the mid-1950s.[12] In 1992, he married Melinda Pechangco, a nurse who had cared for Tatiana during an early illness. His stepdaughter, Francine du Plessix Gray, is a noted author.


Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman was a Russian-American magazine editor, publisher, painter, photographer, and sculptor. He held senior artistic positions during his 32 years at Condé Nast Publications. Wikipedia
BornSeptember 4, 1912, Kiev, Ukraine
DiedNovember 19, 1999, Miami, Florida, United States
EmployersVogue (1943–), Condé Nast(1960–1994)


University School, Hastings, Sussex, England, 1921-22
St. Pirans SchoolMaidenhead, Berkshire, England, 1923-24
Ecole des Roches, 1924-27
Sorbonne, 1927-30, philosophyand mathematics,
studied painting, under André Lhote, Paris, 1931
Ecole Speciale d'Architecture, Paris, 1931-32 (under Auguste Perret)
École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, 1932-33
Occupationmagazine editorpublisher
painterphotographersculptor
EmployerVogue magazine (1943-)
Condé Nast Publications (1960-1994)
Home townNew York
Miami
TitleEditorial Director
Spouse(s)Hildegarde Sturm (1936-??)
Tatiana Yacovleff du Plessix (1942-1991)
Melinda Pechangco (1992-1999)
ChildrenFrancine du Plessix Gray
stepdaughter, not adopted
Parent(s)Semeon Isayevich Liberman, a timber expert
Henriette Pascar, a theatrical dilettante
Notes
Alexander Liberman, Gate of Hope, painted steel, 1972, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Liberman's Two Circles (1950) in the Metropolitan Museum of Art

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