ピガール 1736 從巴黎徒步到羅馬學習至1739
Pigalle, Jean-Baptiste (1714-85). The greatest and most successful French sculptor of the 18th c. Employed by Madame de Pompadour and the crown, Pigalle was one of the first to explore dramatic forms of naturalism in monumental commissions.
His most famous works are the Tomb of the Maréchal de Saxe (1753-76), showing the young hero striding confidently to his death, and the shocking, life-size, gaunt nude of Voltaire (1776).
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle Voltaire nu美國紐約大都會博物館有
Pigalle, Jean Baptiste (zhäN bätēst' pēgäl') , 1714–85, French sculptor. His skill embraced a wide range, from small works appealing to the taste of the court to large and elaborate tombs. Among the latter are the mausoleum of Marshal Maurice of Saxony, Church of St. Thomas, Strasbourg, and that of the Count d'Harcourt, Notre-Dame de Paris. In the Louvre are Love and Friendship, the Child with Cage, and the graceful Mercury Tying his Sandal, considered his masterpiece.這讓他榮登學院 平步青雲
Figure 8 : Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, Mercure attachant ses talonnières, marbre. Paris, musée du Louvre. C’est le morceau de réception de l’artiste, au Salon de 1744, qui lui a a valu une célébrité immédiate. Un modèle en terre cuite pour cette statue, actuellement au Metropolitan Museum of Art de New-York, avait été exposé au Salon de 1742. Le rapprochement imaginé par Diderot entre ce Mercure aux bras baissés et le Mercure discourant de Lagrenée n’est guères convaincant.
He was born in Paris, the seventh child of a carpenter. Although he failed to obtain the
His earlier work, such as Child with Cage (model at Sèvres) and Mercury Fastening his Sandals (Berlin, and lead cast in Louvre), is less commonplace than that of his more mature years, but his nude statue of Voltaire, dated 1776 (initially in the Institut de France, purchased by the Louvre in 1962), and his tombs of (c. 1764) (Notre Dame de Paris) and of Marshal Saxe, completed in 1777 (Saint-Thomas Lutheran church, Strasbourg), are good examples of French sculpture in the 18th century.
- This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.