2017年6月8日 星期四

Raoul Dufy (1877~1953)

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Raoul Dufy
Raoul Dufy, 1914, Le Cavalier arabe (Le Cavalier blanc), oil on canvas, 66 x 81 cm, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris...jpg
Le Cavalier arabe (Le Cavalier blanc), 1914, oil on canvas, 66 x 81 cm, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Born3 June 1877
Le Havre, France
Died23 March 1953 (aged 75)
Forcalquier, France
EducationÉcole nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
Known forPainting, drawing, design, printmaking
Notable workLa Fée Electricité (1937)
Raoul Dufy (French: [ʁa.ul dy.fi]; 3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter, brother of Jean Dufy. He developed a colorful, decorative style that became fashionable for designs of ceramics and textiles, as well as decorative schemes for public buildings. He is noted for scenes of open-air social events. He was also a draftsmanprintmaker, book illustratorscenic designer, a designer of furniture, and a planner of public spaces.



Early life[edit]

Raoul Dufy c.1905
Raoul Dufy was born into a large family at Le Havre, in Normandy. He left school at the age of fourteen to work in a coffee-importing company. In 1895, when he was 18, he started taking evening classes in art at Le Havre's École des Beaux-Arts (municipal art school). The classes were taught by Charles Lhuillier, who had been, forty years earlier, a student of the French portrait-painter, Ingres. There, Dufy met Raimond Lecourt (fr) and Othon Friesz with whom he later shared a studio in Montmartre and to whom he remained a lifelong friend. During this period, Dufy painted mostly Norman landscapes in watercolors.
In 1900, after a year of military service, Dufy won a scholarship to the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where again he crossed paths with Othon Friesz. (He was there when Georges Braque also was studying.) He concentrated on improving his drawing skills. The impressionist landscape painters, such as Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro, influenced Dufy profoundly. His first exhibition (at the Exhibition of French Artists) took place in 1901. Introduced to Berthe Weill in 1902, Dufy showed his work in her gallery. Then he exhibited again in 1903 at the Salon des Indépendants. A boost to his confidence: the painter, Maurice Denis, bought one of his paintings. Dufy continued to paint, often in the vicinity of Le Havre, and, in particular, on the beach at Sainte-Adresse, made famous by Eugène Boudin and Claude Monet. In 1904, with his friend, Albert Marquet, he worked in Fecamp on the English Channel (La Manche).

Later years[edit]

Raoul Dufy, Regatta at Cowes, 1934, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Henri Matisse's Luxe, Calme et Volupté, which Dufy saw at the Salon des Indépendants in 1905, was a revelation to the young artist, and it directed his interests towards FauvismLes Fauves (the wild beasts) emphasized bright color and bold contours in their work. Dufy's painting reflected this aesthetic until about 1909, when contact with the work of Paul Cézanne led him to adopt a somewhat subtler technique. It was not until 1920, however, after he had flirted briefly with yet another style, cubism, that Dufy developed his own distinctive approach. It involved skeletal structures, arranged with foreshortened perspective, and the use of thin washes of color applied quickly, in a manner that came to be known as stenographic. Dufy's cheerful oils and watercolors depict events of the time period, including yachting scenes, sparkling views of the French Riviera, chic parties, and musical events. The optimistic, fashionably decorative, and illustrative nature of much of his work has meant that his output has been less highly valued critically than the works of artists who have addressed a wider range of social concerns.
Dufy completed one of the largest paintings ever contemplated, a huge and immensely popular ode to electricity, the fresco La Fée Electricité for the 1937 Exposition Internationale in Paris.

日本人喜歡  Raoul Dufy (1877~1953)



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The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
The French Fauvist painter Raoul Dufy was born on this day in 1877.

Raoul Dufy
  1. Illustrator
  2. Raoul Dufy was a French Fauvist painter. He developed a colorful, decorative style that became fashionable for designs of ceramics and textiles, as well as decorative schemes for public buildings. He is noted for scenes of open-air social events. Wikipedia
  3. BornJune 3, 1877, Le Havre, France
  4. DiedMarch 23, 1953, Forcalquier, France

In 1905, deeply affected by Matisse, Raoul Dufy began a lifelong exploration of color and line. He titled this 1926 picture "The Basket." If you could rename this painting, what would you call it?
Raoul Dufy, "The Basket,” 1926, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Chester Dale Collection

3 июня 1877 года родился "художник радости" - представитель фовизма Рауль Дюфи. В эрмитажной картине "Парусники в гавани Довиля" (холст, масло, ок. 1936 г.) Дюфи накладывает рисунок на цветовую подкладку – прием, к которому художник прибегал в эскизах для декоративных тканей, он нередко использовал и в живописных произведениях.

Born on this day in 1877 was French Fauvist, 'painter of joy' Raoul Dufy. In his 'Sailing Boats in Deauville Harbor' from the Hermitage collection (oil on canvas, circa 1936) colour surface is overlaid with drawing. Dufy used this method in his decorative textiles sketches and also transferred it to paintings.