The famed painter and Buddhist monk, Zhu Haogu (朱好古), along with his pupil Zhang Boyuan (張伯淵), created the dry fresco painting on the southwestern portion of the Xinghua Si (興化寺) monastery during China’s Yuan dynasty. To prepare the monastery wall for this type of painting, it was covered first with a mudded layer of clay, followed by a layer of straw and additional layer of clay, giving the surface a workable texture. From there, a light carbon ink and colour pigments were used to create the image, which would have been copied from a smaller-scale version.
|Artist||Zhu Haogu (and pupil Zhang Boyuan)|
|Year||Yuan Dynasty (exact date unknown)|
|Dimensions||502 cm × 1101 cm (198 in × 433 in)|
|Location||Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto|
Buddha of Medicine Bhaishajyaguru (Yaoshi fo)
Period:Yuan dynasty (1271–1368)Date:ca. 1319Culture:ChinaMedium:Water-based pigment over foundation of clay mixed with strawDimensions:H. 24 ft. 8 in. (751.8 cm); W. 49 ft. 7 in. (1511.3 cm)Classification:PaintingsCredit Line:Gift of Arthur M. Sackler, in honor of his parents, Isaac and Sophie Sackler, 1965Accession Number:65.29.2
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 206
Healing practices, physical and spiritual, played an important role in the transmission of Buddhism throughout Asia. In this mural, Bhaishajyaguru (Yaoshi fo), the Buddha of medicine, wears a red robe and is attended by a large assembly of related deities, including two seated bodhisattvas who hold symbols for the sun and the moon. The twelve warriors, six at each side, symbolize the Buddha’s vows to help others. The robust, full-faced figure and the shallow spatial construction are characteristic of the work of Zhu Haogu, who was active in the early fourteenth century and painted both Buddhist and Daoist imagery.