Portrait of Richard Wilson byAnton Raphael Mengs (1752)
|Born||August 1, 1714|
Penegoes, Montgomeryshire, Britain
|Died||May 15, 1782 (aged 67)|
Colomendy Hall near Llanferres,Denbighshire, Wales, U.K.
Richard Wilson RA (1 August 1714 – 15 May 1782) was an influential British landscapepainter, who worked in Britain and Italy. With George Lambert he is recognised as a pioneer in British art of landscape for its own sake and was described in the Welsh Academy Encyclopedia of Wales as the "most distinguished painter Wales has ever produced and the first to appreciate the aesthetic possibilities of his country". In December 1768 Wilson became one of the founder-members of the Royal Academy.
The son of a clergyman, Richard Wilson was born on 1 August 1714, in the village of Penegoes in Montgomeryshire (now Powys). The family was an established one, and Wilson was first cousin to Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden. In 1729 he went to London, where he began as a portrait painter, under the apprenticeship of an obscure artist, Thomas Wright. Wilson could often be found walking around Marylebone Gardens with his acquaintance Baretti heading toward the Farthing Pie House, now known as the Green Man Public House.
From 1750 to 1757 Wilson was in Italy, and became a landscape painter on the advice of Francesco Zuccarelli. Painting in Italy and afterwards in Britain, he was the first major British painter to concentrate on landscape. He composed well, but saw and rendered only the general effects of nature, thereby creating a personal, ideal style influenced by Claude Lorrain and the Dutch landscape tradition. John Ruskinwrote that Wilson "paints in a manly way, and occasionally reaches exquisite tones of colour". He concentrated on painting idealised Italianate landscapes and landscapes based upon classical literature, but when his painting, The Destruction of the Children of Niobe (c.1759–60), won acclaim, he gained many commissions from landowners seeking classical portrayals of their estates. Among Wilson's pupils was the painter Thomas Jones. His landscapes were acknowledged as an influence byConstable, John Crome and Turner.
Wilson died in Colomendy, Denbighshire on 15 May 1782, and is buried in the grounds of St Mary's Church, Mold, Flintshire.
[展覽廳] : John Crome
約翰．克羅姆(John Crome，1768年12月22日-1821年4月22日)。英國畫家，諾里奇畫派的奠基人。1803年在R.萊德布魯克等協助下創立諾 里奇藝術家協會。In 1803 he helped found the Norwich Society of Artists, of which he became president in 1808.又名老克羅姆，以別於其子。
1768年12月22日生於諾 里奇,1821年4月22日卒於同地。15歲開始學畫，1790年結識藝術收藏家T.哈威Thomas Harvey和肖像畫家W.比奇。
1805年舉辦第1次展覽,1806～1818年間經常有作品在社團展覽會和皇家學院展出。1814年去巴黎參觀拿破崙收藏的作品。克羅 姆的繪畫風格深受R.威爾遜Richard Wilson、T.庚斯勃羅 Gainsborough 和一些荷蘭風景畫家影響，在從18世紀傳統繪畫到浪漫主義風景畫的過渡中，他與威爾遜是代表人物。
代表作品有 《風車》（倫敦國家畫廊）、《耶爾河上的月亮升起來了》(倫敦國家畫廊)。其子J.B.克羅姆和W.H.克羅姆也是風景畫家。 Slate Quarries, c. 1802-5
[img]http://www.tate.org.uk/collection/N/N01/N01037_9.jpg[/img]--[[i] 本帖最後由 Goh1 於 2007-5-10 12:37 PM 編輯 [/i]]
它甚至於將其師長 a coach and sign painter, Francis Whisler, from 1783 to 1790.
寫成 The son of a weaver, he was apprenticed to a coach painter or sign painter.