2017年10月10日 星期二

Jackson Pollock 1912-56

Jackson Pollock, Red, Black & Silver, 1956

Pollock’s purported last artwork has been embroiled in controversy over its authenticity for years. With its loose drips of red and cocoon-like blotch of black paint, the piece is, admittedly, a departure from the tighter drips and all-over chaos that typifies his work. Yet Ruth Kligman—Pollock’s lover who survived the car crash that took the artist’s own life in 1956—insisted the piece was genuine, and that the Abstract Expressionist artist created it as a gift for her shortly before he died.
Although the Pollock-Krasner Authentication Board still declines to vouch for the work (some have speculated this is due to allegiances to Pollock’s widow, Lee Krasner), forensic evidence that was found after Kligman’s death may support her claim. Along with Pollock’s hair and bits of sand from his local beach, the painting contains polar bear hair believed to be from Pollock’s polar bear rug.

—Rachel Lebowitz

Jackson Pollock - Wikipedia

Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956), known professionally as Jackson Pollock, was an American painter and a major figure in the ...

Jackson Pollock "revolutionized not only painting but the general course of art." - The New Yorker. See the artist's evolution in the current exhibition "Jackson Pollock: A Collection Survey, 1934–1954."
By displaying some sixty of the artist’s works, MOMA shows how he revolutionized painting.

 'Jackson Pollock: Blind Spots' at Tate Liverpool

"The painting has a life of its own. I try to let it come through." Jackson Pollock. http://ow.ly/QbU2K
How do you feel looking at Pollock's paintings?

With their sooty pools and block structures, the "black pour" paintings of Jackson Pollock’s late period mark his rejection of sex and the erotic aspects of his drip techniques. A new exhibition shows how the artist formerly known as "Jack the Dripper" reached the end of the line

Why Jackson Pollock gave up painting
With their sooty pools and block structures, the ‘black pour’ paintings of Pollock’s late period mark his rejection of sex and the erotic aspects of his drip techniques. A new exhibition shows how the artist formerly known as...

One of America's most influential artists is on his way! 'Jackson Pollock: Blind Spots' opens soon at Tate Liverpool

Jackson Pollock: Blind Spots
Jackson Pollock: Blind Spots presents the first exhibition in more than three decades of Pollock’s paintings made between 1951 and 1953. Tate Liverpool, 30 June–18 October 2015

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Now on view at The Peggy Guggenheim Collection, experience Jackson Pollock’s monumental mural: Energy Made Visible—Pollock's largest painting ever created, commissioned by Peggy Guggenheim in 1943: http://gu.gg/M4tN1

Art historian Henry Adams contends that Pollock created Mural around his name, discernible as camouflaged letters.
University of Iowa Museum of Art, Gift of Peggy Guggenheim 1959.6 / © 2009 Pollock-Krasner Foundation / ARS, NY

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/Decoding-Jackson-Pollock.html#ixzz0VOhRf5PY

Also born today, American painter and Abstract Expressionist Jackson Pollock—pictured in this 1943 photo with Peggy Guggenheim in front of a mural commissioned for her New York apartment. Explore his work in our collection: http://gu.gg/I5P65

Decoding Jackson Pollock

Did the Abstract Expressionist hide his name amid the swirls and torrents of a legendary 1943 mural?
By Henry Adams
Smithsonian magazine, November 2009

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/Decoding-Jackson-Pollock.html#ixzz0VOhgC2Rq

It was my wife, Marianne Berardi, who first saw the letters.

We were looking at a reproduction of Jackson Pollock's breakthrough work, Mural, an 8-by 20-foot canvas bursting with physical energy that, in 1943, was unlike anything seen before.

The critic Clement Greenberg, Pollock's principal champion, said he took one look at the painting and realized that "Jackson was the greatest painter this country has produced." A Museum of Modern Art curator, the late Kirk Varnedoe, said Mural established Jackson Pollock as the world's premier modern painter.

I was researching a book about Pollock's lifelong relationship with his mentor, Thomas Hart Benton, the famed regionalist and muralist, when I sat puzzling over a reproduction of Mural after breakfast one morning with Marianne, herself an art historian. She suddenly said she could make out the letters S-O-N in blackish paint in the upper right area of the mural. Then she realized JACKSON ran across the entire top. And finally she saw POLLOCK below that.

The characters are unorthodox, even ambiguous, and largely hidden. But, she pointed out, it could hardly be random coincidence to find just those letters in that sequence.

I was flabbergasted. It's not every day that you see something new in one of the 20th century's most important artworks.

I'm now convinced that Pollock wrote his name in large letters on the canvas—indeed, arranged the whole painting around his name. As far as I can tell, no one has previously made this assertion. Nor is there evidence that Pollock himself, who was loath to talk about his art and left behind few written records, ever mentioned this coded gesture.

I've shared my theory with several Pollock experts. They've had mixed reactions, from "no way" to "far-fetched" to "maybe."

"It's feasible," says Sue Taylor, an art historian at Portland State University, who has studied Pollock's 1942 canvas Stenographic Figure, which includes written symbols. "Pollock would often begin with some sort of figurative device to which he would then respond—and eventually bury under layers of paint. Letters and numbers, moreover, frequently appear in works of the early 1940s."

It may not be possible to answer the question definitively unless scientists use X-ray scanning or some other method to trace which pigments were put down first. At the moment there are no plans to do such an analysis.

If my theory holds up, it has many implications. Mural, commissioned by the collector Peggy Guggenheim for her New York City apartment, is the stuff of legend. Owned by the University of Iowa since Guggenheim donated it in 1948, the painting is said to be worth $140 million. (A later Jackson Pollock painting, Number 5, 1948, reportedly sold in 2006 for $140 million—the highest price ever paid for a work of art.) Mural is so central to the Pollock mystique that in the 2000 movie Pollock, the artist (played by Ed Harris), having stared perplexedly at a giant empty canvas for months, executes Mural in a single session the night before it's due to be delivered. That (standard) version of events, originally advanced by Pollock's wife, the artist Lee Krasner, reinforces the image of Pollock as an anguished, spontaneous genius. But the art critic Francis V. O'Connor has debunked the story, saying Pollock probably executed Mural during the summer of 1943, not in one night in late December.

Pollock's possibly writing his name in Mural testifies to an overlooked feature of his works: they have a structure, contrary to the popular notion that they could be done by any 5-year-old with a knack for splatters. In my view, Pollock organized the painting around his name according to a compositional system—vertical markings that serve as the loci of rhythmic spirals—borrowed directly from his mentor, Benton.

Pollock had studied under Benton for two years and once told a friend that he wanted Mural to be comparable to a Benton work, though he didn't have the technical ability to make a great realistic mural and needed to do something different.

I have found no evidence that Pollock wrote his name in such fashion on any other canvas. In a way, that makes sense. To Pollock, I think, Mural announced that he was replacing Benton, a father figure whom he once described as "the foremost American painter today." It was Pollock's way of making a name for himself.

Henry Adams is the author of Tom and Jack: The Intertwined Lives of Thomas Hart Benton and Jackson Pollock, to be published in November by Bloomsbury Press.

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/Decoding-Jackson-Pollock.html#ixzz0VOhmj7LV

Jackson Pollock -- Portraits of the action painter at work in 1949:http://ti.me/1ufpRBV

(Martha Holmes—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)