2017年1月4日 星期三

Joan Miro (1893 –1983) "The Farm," 1921-1922,Hemingway...'Inside the secretive world of Joan Miró's studio'. Miro, Mauer, Fries, Wandbild' ('Miro, Wall, Frieze, Mural') at the Kunsthaus in Zurich, Switzerland

National Gallery of Art

Joan Miró moved from Barcelona to Paris in 1920. He remained deeply attached to his native Catalonia. Miró returned each summer to his family's farm in the village of Montroig. In 1921, he determined to make a painting of this farm, a painting that he came to regard as one of the key works in his career.

"The Farm" represents an amalgamation of intense realism with the formal vocabulary of cubism. Let your eye wander over this painting, corner to corner. We see a collection of separate details, each carefully observed and precisely described. Yet the artist chooses to render some objects as abstract, geometric shapes. Why do you think this is? What does he depict realistically, and what does he abstract?

Joan Miró, "The Farm," 1921-1922, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Gift of Mary Hemingway



Mary Welsh Hemingway - Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Welsh_Hemingway

Mary Welsh Hemingway (April 5, 1908 – November 26, 1986) was an American journalist and author, who was the fourth wife and widow of Ernest Hemingway.

Wiki
The Farm is an oil painting made by Joan Miró between the summer of 1921 in Mont-roig del Camp and winter 1922 in Paris.[1] It is a kind of inventory of the masia (traditional Catalan farmhouse) owned by his family since 1911 in the town of Mont-roig del Camp. Miró himself regarded this work as a key in his career, describing it as "a summary of my entire life in the countryside" and "the summary of one period of my work, but also the point of departure for what was to follow."[2] It is preserved in the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC, where it was given in 1987 by Mary Hemingway, coming from the private collection of American writer Ernest Hemingway, who had described it by saying, “It has in it all that you feel about Spain when you are there and all that you feel when you are away and cannot go there. No one else has been able to paint these two very opposing things.”


Ernest Hemingway and The Farm


The American writer Ernest Hemingway bought Miró's painting as a birthday present for his wife, Hadley; after paying off the last installment of the 5,000 francs it cost, he brought The Farm home: "In the open taxi the wind caught the big canvas as though it were a sail, and we made the taxi driver crawl along." Hemingway later said, "No one could look at it and not know it had been painted by a great painter." [23]

In 1992, the definitive biography of Hadley Richardson, Hadley by Gioia Diliberto, was published. The book, which is based on extensive research, including the author's exclusive access to a series of taped conversations with Richardson, was reissued in 2011 as Paris Without End: The True Story of Hemingway's First Wife.
In 2011, a book titled The Paris Wife: A Novel was published, telling the entire story of Hadley Richardson's relationship with Hemingway in "her voice."[43] Although a work of fiction, its narrative is faithful to the known facts.



The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Born on this day in the Spanish province of Catalonia, Joan Miró was deeply influenced by his country's native landscape and artistic heritage. "The Potato" is emblematic of Miró's poetic riffs on reality. It takes as its subject a gigantic female figure who stretches her arms wide. She is set against a blue sky and above a patch of earth—perhaps a potato field.


Drawing on the possibilities of free invention encouraged by Surrealism, Miró developed a style that drew from highly personalized and psychological references.
METMUSEUM.ORG


Kimbell Art Museum
Did you know the yellow background of the Kimbell’s "Portrait of Heriberto Casany" is meant to evoke the gilt backgrounds of medieval Spanish frescoes? ‪#‎MirósBirthday‬ ‪#‎onview‬


BBC Culture
"When I saw his art, I saw freedom."


As a reproduction of Joan Miró’s studio goes on show in London, his grandson gives Alastair Sooke a tour of the real thing.
BBC.COM|由 ALASTAIR SOOKE 上傳







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A visitor looks at 'Painting' (1953) by Spanish artist Joan Miro (1893 –1983) one of the exhibits in the exhibition 'Miro, Mauer, Fries, Wandbild' ('Miro, Wall, Frieze, Mural') at the Kunsthaus in Zurich, Switzerland. The exhibition runs until January 24th 2016.

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